Whaleback Boats on the Great Lakes
by Greta Bahnemann, Metadata Librarian, Minnesota Digital Library, Minitex
Electronic Library for Minnesota Resources (for Minnesota residents)
1. "Great Lakes." Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 22 Dec. 2008. Accessed 12 July 2017.
2. Jackson, Matt. "Dangerous Waters." Beaver, vol. 84, no. 3, Jun/Jul2004, pp. 36-39. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, Accessed 12 July 2017.
3. "Superior." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 Sep. 2011. school.eb.com.proxy.elm4you.org/levels/high/article/Superior/70395. Accessed 17 Jul. 2017.
Additional Resources for Research
1. Mixter, Ric. "McDougall's Dream." Michicagn History Magazine, volume 97, no. 3, May/June 2013. http://www.hsmichigan.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/McDougall. Access 12 July 2017.
2. Oakley, Janet. History Link.org "Whaleback Freighter Charles W. Wetmore arrives in Everett on December 21, 1891." http://www.historylink.org/File/7362. Accessed 7 July 2017.
3. Wilson, Thomas. Minnesota Historical Society. "Lake Superior Shipwrecks: Whaleback Freighters." http://www.mnhs.org/places/nationalregister/shipwrecks/wilson/wilwf.php. Accessed 7 July 2017.
Teaching Guide: Whaleback Boats on the Great Lakes
Primary Source Analysis
For each source, ask students to indicate:
- the author's point of view
- the author's purpose
- historical context
For inquiry-based learning, ask students to:
- explain how a source tells its story and/or makes its argument
- explain the relationships between sources
- compare and contrast sources in terms of point of view and method
- support conclusions and interpretations with evidence
- identify questions for further investigation
This teaching guide helps instructors use a specific primary source set, Whaleback Boats on the Great Lakes , in the classroom. It offers discussion questions, classroom activities, and primary source analysis tools. It is intended to spark pedagogical creativity by giving a sample approach to the material. Please feel free to share, reuse, and adapt the resources in this guide for your teaching purposes.
1. How difficult would it be to develop an entirely new kind of boat? What would be the steps invovled in developing this new boat? What considerations would you need to make in the boat's design? What might prompt you to design an entirely new type of boat?
2. Can you think of other examples of inventions that came and went very quickly? (Hint: zeppelins filled with hydrogen gas and others). What factors determine the success of a new invention?
3. Do you think different kinds of freight (iron ore, lumber, grain, etc.) change or impact the design of lake freight haulers?
4. Do changes in the demand for goods and products necessitate changes in transportation?
4. What are some other examples of animal forms and animal functionality used in modern design?
1. Design a boat and plan for where the boat will be used, what it will be hauling, and whether it can also transport passengers. What are the advantages of your boat? What can your boat do that others can't?