History of Chiropractic in Minnesota
by Susan J. Vossberg, MLIS, Northwestern Health Sciences University
Electronic Library for Minnesota Resources (for Minnesota residents)
1. "Chiropractic." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 1 Nov. 2010. Accessed 24 July 2019.
2. "Chiropractic: Natural Wellness for Life." Prevention, Nov. 1999, p. 3S1. Professional Collection, Accessed 24 July 2019.
3. Davis, Jeffrey M. "Understanding chiropractic natural alternative care." The Exceptional Parent, Aug. 2013, p. 34+. Professional Collection, Accessed 24 July 2019.
Additional Resources for Research
1. “Chiropractic.” National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 30 Apr. 2019, Accessed 25 July 2019.
2. “Chiropractic Controversy and Criticism.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, Accessed 25 July 2019.
3. “Chiropractors Go To Jail - Nanaimo Chiropractor.” www.facebook.com/NanaimoChiropractor. Pure Chiropractic in Nanaimo, BC, 27 Mar. 2014. Accessed 25 July 2019.
4. “Frequently Asked Questions About Chiropractic.” American Chiropractic Association, Frequently Asked Questions. Accessed 25 July 2019.
5. “Going to Jail for Chiropractic: the Untold Story of the Medical War Against Chiropractors.” Accessed 25 July 2019.
6. “History of Minnesota Animal Chiropractic Care.” Minnesota Animal Chiropractic Care, 26 Jan. 2013. Accessed 25 July 2019.
7. Howell, Monica R. “Teaching Chiropractic in the North Star State.” Teachingchiroinmn. Accessed 25 July 2019.
8. Smith-Cunnien, Susan. “Without Drugs or Knives: the Early Years of Chiropractic.” Minnesota History Magazine, Minnesota Historical Society, Spring, 2005. Accessed 25 July 2019.
9. “What Is Chiropractic?” Minnesota Animal Chiropractic Care, 23 Jan. 2013. Accessed 25 July 2019.
Teaching Guide: History of Chiropractic in Minnesota
Primary Source Analysis
For each source, ask students to indicate:
- the author's point of view
- the author's purpose
- historical context
For inquiry-based learning, ask students to:
- explain how a source tells its story and/or makes its argument
- explain the relationships between sources
- compare and contrast sources in terms of point of view and method
- support conclusions and interpretations with evidence
- identify questions for further investigation
This teaching guide helps instructors use a specific primary source set, History of Chiropractic in Minnesota, in the classroom. It offers discussion questions, classroom activities, and primary source analysis tools. It is intended to spark pedagogical creativity by giving a sample approach to the material. Please feel free to share, reuse, and adapt the resources in this guide for your teaching purposes.
1. How is the practice of chiropractic different from the practice of mainstream medicine?
2. What were the major points and outcome of the lawsuit between the American Medical Association and Chester Wilk?
3. What are some of the steps that the chiropractic profession took to legitimize their practice?
4. Why were some chiropractors fined or jailed for treating patients?
Have students work in small groups and discover/discuss what the main differences are between medical doctors and chiropractors. Discuss the differences, especially the chiropractic idea of no needles, no drugs.Determine if anybody in your group has been treated, or is being treated by a chiropractor, massage therapist, or acupuncturist, or if any of them have taken their pets to a chiropractor, and ask them to share their experiences.